Prevalence of allergic rhinitis in Russia and all over the world

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Abstract


Allergic rhinitis (AR) is the most common chronic respiratory disorder among adults and children world-wide. Although symptoms of AR are not life threatening, they are nevertheless frequently bothersome and adversely affect work and quality of life. Moreover, AR is often associated with co-morbid conditions such as otitis media and effusion, recurrent and chronic sinusitis, asthma. Mental consequences of AR are associated with sleep, poor school performance, and hyperactivity, which result in increased disturbances with learning, performance, behavior and mood. Epidemiological studies have indicated that the prevalence of allergic disorders including AR have increased progressively over the last three decades and presently affects up to 40% of the population world-wide. The prevalence is wider in the high-income «westernized» societies because of its well documented data, there is comparatively little information for the developing low to middle income countries. The data on the AR prevalence based on the number of visits for medical aid underestimate the real prevalence of the disease. More exact information can be gained from population studies. Numerous epidemiological researches aimed on investigation of the AR prevalence among children and adults showed wide variation of the obtained data. Anyway it allows for suggestion that the prevalence of allergic diseases and AR particularly is higher in the developed high-income countries and in families with better social status.

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A S Lopatin

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Email: lopatin@mma.ru

N D Chuchueva

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

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