Atopic dermatitis prevalence in population of Moscow 1-year old children



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Abstract

Background. Atopic dermatitis (AD) prevalence may be compared in cohorts evaluated with standardized questionnaires. The prevalence of AD in Russia with the UK Working Party’s Diagnostic Criteria for Atopic Dermatitis was not tested yet. Objective. To estimate AD prevalence in a population of Moscow 1-year old children with the UK Working Party’s Diagnostic Criteria for Atopic Dermatitis Methods. A population cohort of 393 children was recruited in Postnatal Department of Moscow No.1 Maternity Hospital in 2011. One year later 363 mothers (92,4%) were questioned with the UK Working Party’s Diagnostic Criteria for Atopic Dermatitis. Cheeks/body hyperemia and/or skin rash were also estimated in 365 families in connection with food intake by a child or by his mother during breastfeeding. Sensitization at the age of one was investigated in 130 children. Results. The UK Working Party’s Diagnostic Criteria for Atopic Dermatitis diagnosed AD in 2,2% children (8 of 363). One or more episode of cheeks/body hyperemia and/or skin rash during the first year of life was in 45,75%. 5,38% of children were sensitized. Conclusion. A few amount of one year old children Moscow population is diagnosed with AD according to the UK Working Party’s Diagnostic Criteria for Atopic Dermatitis, especially in compare to the number of children with skin reactions to the dietary intake.

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About the authors

M S Geneva

Moscow Research Institute of Pediatric and Child Surgery

Email: trenevamarina@mail.ru

D B Munblit

Imperial College London

United Kingdom

E I Ermolaeva

Moscow Research Institute of Pediatric and Child Surgery

A K Pampura

Moscow Research Institute of Pediatric and Child Surgery

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