Plant pollination calendar of the Southern Сoast of Crimea and elimination therapy at the resort

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Plant pollen can influence the climatotherapy and elimination therapy results of respiratory allergic diseases. Flora diversity and the poorly studied prevalence and etiology of pollinosis on the Southern Coast of Crimea determine the need for aeropalinological studies of this region to optimize the treatment and rehabilitation of patients with respiratory sensitization.

AIMS: To determine the potentially unfavorable periods for the stay of patients with pollen sensitization on the Southern Coast of the Crimea and develop a plant pollination calendar of the Yalta resort

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The research was conducted in the coastal and foothill area of Yalta in 2011–2013. The study determined the content of pollen in plants that are passively deposited from the air onto the glasses-traps using the gravimetric method. The taxonomic belonging of the pollen was established by collecting the plant pollen of the Southern Coast of Crimea.

RESULTS: A total of 19 pollen taxa have been identified in the air of Yalta, of which 10 had sensitizing properties. Cypress (49.7% of pollen of the average annual amount) and most deciduous trees with allergenic pollen (4.7% of pollen) were intensively pollinated in March–April, Poaceae grasses (1.6% of pollen) in May, and weed grasses (1.6% of pollen) in late August to early September. Birch and alder pollen was not detected. On average, 2.2 times less pollen was detected in the coastal area air of the resort than in the foothill area. The plant pollination calendar of the Yalta resort has been developed.

CONCLUSIONS: The intensive cypress pollination period in March–April is least favorable for patients with pollen sensitization to stay on the Southern Coast of the Crimea. Poaceae in May and weeds in late August to early September create an insignificant pollen load. A plant pollination calendar has been developed to predict unfavorable aeropalinological periods and optimize the treatment and rehabilitation of patients with pollen sensitization in the Yalta resort. The best conditions for the treatment and rehabilitation of patients with respiratory allergies have been identified in the coastal area of the resort. The absence of birch and alder pollen in the air contributes to the elimination therapy at the Yalta resort.

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About the authors

Svetlana N. Belyaeva

Academic scientific-research Institute of physical treatment methods, medical climatology and rehabilitation named after I.M. Sechenov

Author for correspondence.
Email: belyaeva-1956@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6161-6058
SPIN-code: 1439-6960
Scopus Author ID: 816988

MD, Cand. Sci. (Med.)

Russian Federation, 10/3 Mukhina Str., Yalta, 298603, Republic of Crimea

Maria E. Pirogova

Simferopol Polyclinic No 4”

Email: pirogovamariya@inbox.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5801-0282
SPIN-code: 6312-9588

MD, Cand. Sci. (Med.)

Russian Federation, Simferopol

Maria I. Govorun

Academic scientific-research Institute of physical treatment methods, medical climatology and rehabilitation named after I.M. Sechenov

Email: masha.jalta@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6278-2322
SPIN-code: 8986-2695

Cand. Sci. (Biol.)

Russian Federation, 10/3 Mukhina Str., Yalta, 298603, Republic of Crimea

References

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Supplementary files

Supplementary Files
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1. Fig. 1. Average annual aeropalinogram of the city of Yalta in 2011–2013, %. Note. ― cypress, ― pine, ― cedar, ― deciduous trees with allergenic pollen (ash, hazel, oak, poplar), ― Poaceae, ― weeds, including ragweed, ― other trees and shrubs (hornbeam, walnut, ailanthus, privet, dogwood, thuja, yew, juniper, boxwood), ― unidentified pollen grains.

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2. Fig. 2. Average annual dynamics of plant pollen content in the air of Yalta in 2011–2013, PG/cm2 per week.

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3. Note

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4. Note

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5. Table 3. Calendar of plant palination in the Yalta resort in 2011–2013

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6. remarque_fig.1_rus

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7. remarque_fig.1_eng

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8. Fig. 1. Average annual aeropalinogram of the city of Yalta in 2011–2013, %.

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9. Fig. 2. Average annual dynamics of plant pollen content in the air of Yalta in 2011–2013, PG/cm2 per week.

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10. Table 3. Plant pollination calendar in the Yalta resort in 2011–2013

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