Developmental adaptations of neonatal neutrophils (review)

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Abstract

Neutrophils are crucial component of innate immunity since they are the first to react to infectious agent invasion. There are differences between physiological, phenotypic and functional characteristics of neonatal and adult neutrophils. The severity of these changes is inversely proportional to gestational age, which indicates the dynamic development of these cells throughout pregnancy. Therefore, functional insufficiency of neonatal neutrophils associated with extremely high risk of developing neonatal infections and sepsis in premature infants.

Neonatal neutrophils are adapted to conditions that avoid unwanted triggering of pro-inflammatory factors. In addition, suppression of neutrophil functions is necessary for the creation of a healthy microbiome in the postpartum period, but at the same time it can be an obstacle to the development of a response when exposed to pathogenic organisms. Mechanisms underlying the normal transition of functionally limited neutrophils, capable of fully resisting pathogenic microorganisms, have not been established. This review discovers the features of neutrophil ontogenetic adaptation to intrauterine conditions and early neonatal period and their potential role in neonatal pathology.

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About the authors

Vladimir E. Mukhin

Author for correspondence.
Email: vmukhin@cspmz.ru

Liudmila L. Pankratyeva

Dmitry Rogachev NMRC PHOI of the MOH of Russia

Email: liudmila.pankratyeva@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1339-4155

MD, PhD, Professor of the Department of Pediatrics and Health Organization

Russian Federation, 1 Zamory Machela street, 117198, Moscow

Mikhail N. Yartsev

NRC – Institute of Immunology, FMBA of Russia

Email: m_yartsev@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0952-2801

MD, PhD, Leader Researcher of the Department of Immunopathology of Children

Russian Federation, 24 Kashirskoe sh., 115522, Moscow

Nikolay N. Volodin

NMRC PHOI of the MOH of Russia

Email: 0209nnv@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2667-8229

Acad. of RAS, MD, PhD, Professor, Professor of the Department of Pediatrics and Health Organization

Russian Federation, 1 Zamory Machela street, 117198, Moscow

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