Climate change and its impact on the development of allergic diseases

Cover Page

Full Text

Open Access Open Access
Restricted Access Access granted
Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Abstract

Since the middle of the twentieth century, there has been a widespread increase in the prevalence of allergic diseases, especially in developed countries. Much attention is paid to the changing climate and its influence on the development of allergies, mainly of the respiratory system. In many countries, studies are intensifying to study the relationship of various weather phenomena, air pollution, Earth temperature with the course of certain allergic diseases of the respiratory tract. Global strategies for the treatment and prevention of allergic diseases are being developed. This review provides data from international studies demonstrating the negative impact on human health and the development of allergic diseases of the respiratory system, in particular asthma: a global rise in Earth temperature, air pollution, dust storms, forest fires, dampness in rooms and atmospheric mold, thunderstorms and floods.

Full Text

Restricted Access

About the authors

Evgeniya V. Nazarova

NRC Institute of Immunology FMBA of Russia

Author for correspondence.
Email: evallergo@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0380-6205

Head of the Department of Hospitalization, MD, PhD

Russian Federation, Moscow

References

  1. Report on the peculiarities of the climate in the territory of the Russian Federation for 2016. Moscow: Rosgidromet; 2017. 70 p. (In Russ.).
  2. World Health Organization (WHO) [cited 2012 Jan 25]. Available from: https://www.who.int/ru
  3. World Allergy Organization (WAO), White Book on Allergy [cited 2012 Jan 25]. Available from: https://www.worldallergy.org/wao-white-book-on-allergy
  4. Rodriguez A, Vaca M, Oviedo G, et al. Urbanisation is associated with prevalence of childhood asthma in diverse, small rural communities in Ecuador. Thorax. 2011;66(12):1043–1050. doi: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2011-200225
  5. Robinson CL, Baumann LM, Romero K, et al. Effect of urbanisation on asthma, allergy and airways inflammation in a developing country setting. Thorax. 2011;66(12):1051–1057. doi: 10.1136/thx.2011.158956
  6. Elholm G, Linneberg A, Husemoen L, et al. The Danish urban-rural gradient of allergic sensitization and disease in adults. Clin Exp Allergy. 2016;46(1):103–111.doi: 10.1111/cea.12583
  7. Ayres JG, Forberg B, Annesi-Maesano I, et al. Climate change and respiratory disease. European Respiratory Society position paper on behalf of the Environment & Human Health Committee. Eur Respir J. 2009;34(2):295–302.doi: 10.1183/09031936.00003409
  8. D’AG E. Outdoor air pollution, climate and allergic respiratory diseases: evidence of a link. Clin Exp Allergy. 2002;32(10):1391–1393. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2745.2002.01519.x
  9. D’Amato G, Liccardi G. Allergenic pollen and urban air pollution in the Mediterranean area. Allergy Clin Immunol Int. 2003;15(2):73–78. doi: 10.1027/0838-1925.15.2.73
  10. D’Amato G. Outdoor air pollution in urban areas and allergic respiratory diseases. Monaldi Arch Chest Dis. 1999;54(6): 470–474.
  11. D’Amato G, Cecchi L. Effects of climate change on environmental factors in respiratory allergic diseases. Clin Exp Allergy. 2008;38(8):1264–1274.doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2222.2008.03033.x
  12. Devalia JL, Bayram H, Rusznak C, et al. Mechanisms of pollution-induced airways disease – in vitro studies in the upper and lower airways. Allergy. 1997;52 Suppl 38:45–51. doi: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.1997.tb04870.x
  13. Bayram H, Devalia JL, Sapsford RJ, et al. The effect of diesel exhaust particles on cell function and release of inflammatory mediators from human bronchial epithelial cells in vitro. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1998;18(3):441–448.doi: 10.1165/ajrcmb.18.3.2882
  14. Bayram H, Devalia JL, Khair OA, et al. Comparison of ciliary activity and inflammatory mediator release from bronchial epithelial cells of nonatopic nonasthmatic subjects and atopic asthmatic patients and the effect of diesel exhaust particles in vitro. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1998;102(5):771–782.doi: 10.1016/s0091-6749(98)70017-x
  15. Bayram H, Devalia JL, Khair OA, et al. Effect of loratadine on nitrogen dioxide (NO2)-induced changes in electrical resistance and release of inflammatory mediators from cultured human bronchial epithelial cells. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1999;104(1):93–99. doi: 10.1016/s0091-6749(99)70119-3
  16. Bayram H, Rusznak C, Khair OA, et al. Effect of ozone and nitrogen dioxide on the permeability of bronchial epithelial cell cultures of non-asthmatic and asthmatic subjects. Clin Exp Allergy. 2002;32(9):1285–1292.doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2745.2002.01435.x
  17. Beck I, Jochner S, Gilles S, et al. High environmental ozone levels lead to enhanced allergenicity of birch pollen. PLoS One. 2013;20(11):8–e80147. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080147
  18. Achakulwisut P, Brauer M, Hystad P, Anenberg S. Global, national, and urban burdens of paediatric asthma incidence attributable to ambient NO2 pollution: estimates from global datasets. Lancet Planetary Health. 2019;3(4):e166–e178.doi: 10.1016/S2542-5196(19)30046-4
  19. Perez L, Declercq C, Iñiguez C, et al. Chronic burden of near-roadway traffic pollution in 10 European cities (APHEKOM network). Eur Respir J. 2013;42(3):594–605.doi: 10.1183/09031936.00031112
  20. D’Amato G, Cecchi L, Bonini S, et al. Allergenic pollen and pollen allergy in Europe. Allergy. 2007;62(9):976–990.doi: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2007.01393.x
  21. Cecchi L, Torrigiani Malaspina T, Albertini R, et al. The contribution of long-distance transport to the presence of Ambrosia pollen in central northern Italy. Aerobiologia. 2007;23(1):145–151.
  22. Frenguelli G. Interactions between climatic changes and allergenic plants. Monaldi Arch Chest Dis. 2002;57(2):141–143.
  23. Teranishi H, Katoh T, Kenda K, Hayashi S. Global warming and the earlier start of the Japanese-cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) pollen season in Toyama, Japan. Aerobiologia. 2006;22(1):91–95.
  24. Beggs PJ. Impacts of climate change on aeroallergens: past and future. Clin Exp Allergy. 2004;34(10):1507–1513.doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2222.2004.02061.x
  25. Cecchi L, D’Amato G, Ayers JG, et al. Projections of the effects of climate change on allergic asthma: the contribution of aerobiology. Allergy. 2010;65(9):1073–1081.doi: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2010.02423.x
  26. Ziello C, Sparks TH, Estrella N, et al. Changes to airborne pollen counts across Europe. PLoS One. 2012;7(4):e34076. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034076
  27. Knox RB. Grass pollen, thunderstorms and asthma. Clin Exp Allergy. 1993;23(5):354–356.doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2222.1993.tb00339.x
  28. Packe GE, Ayres JG. Asthma outbreak during a thunderstorm. Lancet. 1985;2(8448):199–204.doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(85)91510-7
  29. Bellomo R, Gigliotti P, Treloar A, et al. Two consecutive thunderstorm associated epidemics of asthma in Melbourne. The possible role of rye grass pollen. Med J Aust. 1992;156(12): 834–837.
  30. Murray V, Venables K, Laing-Morton T, et al. Epidemic of asthma possibly related to thunderstorms. BMJ. 1994;309(6947):131–132. doi: 10.1136/bmj.309.6947.131c
  31. Wallis DN, Davidson AC, Weilch J. Clinical and immunological characteristics of patients with thunderstorm asthma. Eur Respir J. 1995;8 Suppl:500.
  32. Davidson AC, Emberlin J, Cook AD, Venables KM. Thames region accident and emergency trainees association. A major outbreak of asthma associated with a thunderstorm. BMJ. 1996;312(7031):601–604. doi: 10.1136/bmj.312.7031.601
  33. Celenza A, Fothergill J, Kupek E, Shaw RJ. Thunderstorm associated asthma: a detailed analysis of environmental factors. BMJ. 1996;312(7031):604–607.doi: 10.1136/bmj.312.7031.604
  34. Bauman A. Asthma associated with thunderstorm. BMJ. 1996;312(7031):590–591. doi: 10.1136/bmj.312.7031.590
  35. Venables KM, Allitt U, Collier CG, et al. Thunderstorm-related asthma – epidemic of 24/25 June 1994. Clin Exp Allergy. 1997;27(7):725–736.
  36. Newson R, Strachan D, Archibald E, et al. Effect of thunderstorms and airborne grass pollen on the incidence of acute asthma in England, 1990–1994. Thorax. 1997;52(8):680–685. doi: 10.1136/thx.52.8.680
  37. Antò JM, Sunyer J. Thunderstorms: a risk factor for asthma attacks. Thorax. 1997;52(8):669–670. doi: 10.1136/thx.52.8.669
  38. Newson R, Strachan D, Archibald E, et al. Acute asthma epidemics, weather and pollen in England, 1987–1994. Eur Resp J. 1998;11(3):694–701.
  39. Girgis ST, Marks GB, Downs SH, et al. Thunderstorm-associated asthma in an inland town in southeastern Australia. Who is at risk? Eur Resp J. 2000;16(1):3–8.doi: 10.1034/j.1399-3003.2000.16a02.x
  40. Marks GB, Colquhoun JR, Girgis ST, et al. Thunderstorm outflows preceding epidemics of asthma during spring and summer. Thorax. 2001;56(6):468–471.doi: 10.1136/thorax.56.6.468
  41. D’Amato G, Liccardi G, Gilder JA, et al. Thunderstorm-associated asthma in pollinosis patients. BMJ. 1994;309(1):131.
  42. Wardman AE, Stefani D, MacDonald JC. Thunderstorm-associated asthma or shortness of breath epidemic: a Canadian case report. Can Respir J. 2002;9(4):267–270.doi: 10.1155/2002/728257
  43. Rosas I, McCartney HA, Payne RW, et al. Analysis of the relationship between environmental factors (aeroallergens, air pollution and weather) and asthma emergency admissions to a hospital Mexico City. Allergy. 1998;53(4):394–401.doi: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.1998.tb03911.x
  44. D’Amato G, Spieksma FT, Liccardi G, et al. Pollen-related allergy in Europe. Allergy. 1998;53(6):567–578.doi: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.1998.tb03932.x
  45. D’Amato G, Rottem M, Dahl R, et al. Annesi-maesano and the WAO special committee on climate change and allergy. Climate change, migration and allergic respiratory diseases: an update for the allergist. World Allergy Organ J. 2011;4(7):120–125. doi: 10.1097/WOX.0b013e3182260a57
  46. Tanaka TY, Chiba M. A numerical study of the contributions of dust source regions to the global dust budget. Glob Planet Chang. 2006;52(1):88–104.
  47. Smith KR, Corvalán CF, Kjellström T. How much global ill health is attributable to environmental factors? Epidemiology. 1999;10(5):573–584.
  48. Romieu I, Samet JM, Smith KR, Bruce N. Outdoor air pollution and acute respiratory infections among children in developing countries. J Occ Environ Med. 2002;44(7):640–649. doi: 10.1097/00043764-200207000-00010
  49. Wilfong ER, Lyles M, Rietcheck RL, et al. The acute and long-term effects of Middle East sand particles on the rat airway following a single intratracheal instillation. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2011;74(20):1351–1365.doi: 10.1080/15287394.2010.516239
  50. Englebrecht JP, McDonald EV, Gillies JA, et al. Characterizing mineral dusts and other aerosols from the Middle East – Part 2: Grab samples and re-suspensions. Inhal Toxicol. 2009;21(4):327–336. doi: 10.1080/08958370802464299
  51. Baldasano JM, Valera E, Jimenez P. Air quality data from large cities. Sci Total Environ. 2003;307(1–3):141–165.doi: 10.1016/S0048-9697(02)00537-5
  52. Gunawardena J, Ziyath AM, Bostrom TE, et al. Characterisation of atmospheric deposited particles during a dust storm in urban areas of Eastern Australia. Sci Total Environ. 2013;461–462:72–80. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.04.080
  53. Al-Hurban AE, Al-Ostad AN. Textural characteristics of dust fallout and potential effects on public health in Kuwait City and suburbs during March 2006 – February 2007. Environ Earth Sci. 2010;60(1):169–181.
  54. Lyles MB. Medical geology: Dust exposure and potential health risks in the Middle East. In: Ragaini R, editor. International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies – 42 nd Session. 497–502. doi: 10.1142/9789814327503_0045
  55. Chen PS, Tsai FT, Lin CK, et al. Ambient influenza and avian influenza virus during dust storm days and background days. Environ Health Perspect. 2010;118(9):1211–1216.doi: 10.1289/ehp.0901782
  56. Yeo NK, Hwang YJ, Kim ST, et al. Asian sand dust enhances rhinovirus-induced cytokine secretion and viral replication in human nasal epithelial cells. Inhal Toxicol. 2010;22(12):1038–1045. doi: 10.3109/08958378.2010.516282
  57. Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Damp Indoor Spaces and Health. Damp indoor spaces and health. Washington, DC : The National Academies Press; 2004.
  58. Mendell MJ, Mirer AG, Cheung K, et al. Respiratory and allergic health effects of dampness, mold, and dampness-related agents: a review of the epidemiologic evidence. Environ Health Perspect. 2011;119(6):748–756. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1002410
  59. Fisk WJ, Eliseeva EA, Mendell MJ. Association of residential dampness and mold with respiratory tract infections and bronchitis: a meta-analysis. Environ Health. 2010;9:72.doi: 10.1186/1476-069X-9-72
  60. Shenassa ED, Daskalakis C, Liebhaber A, et al. Dampness and mold in the home and depression: an examination of mold-related illness and perceived control of one’s home as possible depression pathways. Am J Public Health. 2007;97(10):1893–1899. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2006.093773
  61. Atkinson TP. Is asthma an infectious disease? New evidence. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2013;13(6):702–709.doi: 10.1007/s11882-013-0390-8
  62. Douwes J, Brooks C, Pearce N. Asthma nervosa: old concept, new insights. Eur Respir J. 2011;37(5):986–990.doi: 10.1183/09031936.00018511
  63. Nafstad P, Oie L, Mehl R, et al. Residential dampness problems and symptoms and signs of bronchial obstruction in young Norwegian children. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1998;157(2):410–414. doi: 10.1164/ajrccm.157.2.9706033
  64. Andriessen JW, Brunekreef B, Roemer W. Home dampness and respiratory health status in European children. Clin Exp Allergy. 1998;28(10):1191–1200.
  65. Zock JP, Jarvis D, Luczynska C, et al. European community respiratory health survey. Housing characteristics, reported mold exposure, and asthma in the European community respiratory health survey. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2002;110(2):285–292. doi: 10.1067/mai.2002.126383
  66. Engvall K, Norrby C, Norback D. Asthma symptoms in relation to building dampness and odour in older multifamily houses in Stockholm. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2001;5(5):468–477.
  67. Fisk WJ, Lei-Gomez Q, Mendell MJ. Meta-analyses of the associations of respiratory health effects with dampness and mold in homes. Indoor Air. 2007;17(4):284–296.doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0668.2007.00475.x
  68. Tischer CG, Hohmann C, Thiering E, et al. ENRIECO consortium. Meta-analysis of mould and dampness exposure on asthma and allergy in eight European birth cohorts: an ENRIECO initiative. Allergy. 2011;66(12):1570–1579.doi: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2011.02712.x
  69. Kercsmar CM, Dearborn DG, Schluchter M, et al. Reduction in asthma morbidity in children as a result of home remediation aimed at moisture sources. Environ Health Perspect. 2006;114(10):1574–1580. doi: 10.1289/ehp.8742
  70. Dales RE, Cakmak S, Burnett RT, et al. Influence of ambient fungal spores on emergency visits for asthma to a regional children’s hospital. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000;162(6):2087–2090. doi: 10.1164/ajrccm.162.6.2001020
  71. Aggarwal AN, Chakrabarti A. Does climate mould the influence of mold on asthma? Lung India. 2013;30(4):273–276.doi: 10.4103/0970-2113.120594
  72. Dales RE, Cakmak S, Judek S, et al. The role of fungal spores in thunderstorm asthma. Chest. 2003;123(3):745–750.doi: 10.1378/chest.123.3.745
  73. Corden JM, Millington WM. The long-term trends and seasonal variation of the aeroallergen Alternaria in Derby, UK. Aerobiologia. 2001;17(1):127–136.
  74. Wolf J, O’Neill NR, Rogers CA, et al. Elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations amplify Alternaria alternata sporulation and total antigen production. Environ Health Perspect. 2010;118(9):1223–1238. doi: 10.1289/ehp.0901867
  75. World Health Organization and World Meteorological Organization. Atlas of Climate Change and Health. 2012 [cited 2012 Jan 25]. Available from: http://www.who.int/ globalchange/publications/atlas/report/en/
  76. BBC News – In Pictures. Chile battles wildfires. 2012 [cited 2012 Jan 25]. Available from: www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-16406681
  77. News BBC. Australia fires leave trail of devastation near Perth. 2011 [cited 2012 Jan 25]. Available from: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-12378717
  78. Californian Department of Forestry and Fire Protection [cited 2012 Jan 25]. Available from: http:// www.fire.ca.gov/index.php
  79. Finlay SE, Moffat A, Gazzard R, et al. Health impacts of wildfires. PLoS Curr. 2012;4:e4f959951cce2c. doi: 10.1371/4f959951cce2c
  80. Johnston FH, Henderson SB, Chen Y, et al. Estimated global mortality attributable to smoke from landscape fires. Environ Health Perspect. 2012;120(5):695–701.doi: 10.1289/ehp.1104422

Supplementary files

Supplementary Files
Action
1. Figure. Impact of climate change on the prevalence of respiratory allergy

Download (284KB)

Statistics

Views

Abstract: 106

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Dimensions

PlumX


Copyright (c) 2021 Russian Journal of Allergy

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies