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Modern data describing the current understanding of the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD): a genetic predisposition to atopy, disturbances of the intestinal microbiome, disruptions of epidermal barrier integrity and a cascade of immune responses, contributing allergic inflammation in the skin are presented. There are both described several mechanisms of acute and chronic phases of AD, the main directions of pathogenetically substantiated treatment of AD in children and indicated the prospects of new preparations specific blockers of proinflammatory cytokines involved in the development of AD - crisaborole, dupilumab, apremilast et al. External therapy of atopic skin lesions in AD children with modern dermatological cosmetics is presented.

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G I Smirnova

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

8 - 2, Trubetskaya str., Moscow, 119991, Russia

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